SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN UKRAINE

 Yana Trohimenko

Heat-and-Power Engineering Department, NTUU “KPI”

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN UKRAINE

Sustainable development is a pattern of resource use, that aims to meet human needs while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but also for generations to come.

Ukrainejoined the sustainable development movement in 1997, when the National Commission on Sustainable Development of Ukraine was established under the Cabinet of Ministers with the purpose of ensuring the solution of problems of the social and economic development, environmental protection and rational use of natural resources in Ukraine.

Current social and economic situation in Ukraine proves that the country hasn’t succeeded in sustainable development yet. This is mostly caused by a number of obstacles the country is facing on the way to development and introduction of the sustainable development policy:

Ukraineis still behind the developed countries in living standards indicators, level of investment attractiveness, competitiveness and sophistication of innovation environment. This challenge is explained not only by external factors but the internal Ukrainian problems as well.

Another obstacle is lack of funding for regional development. Public funding, which could promote the economic potential of regions is almost absent.

Moreover, ecological culture of the citizens of Ukraine is still rather low.

Directions for overcoming the obstacles the country is facing on the way to development and implementation of the sustainable development policy are:

- ensuring of the political support to the sustainable development strategy;

- ensuring of the informational support to the sustainable development strategy and training of the new staffing potential of Ukraine;

- integration of the sustainable development strategy into the strategy of social-economic reforms at all levels (national, regional and local);

- introduction of the mechanisms and elements of sustainable development into the sector economy.

As a conclusion nowadays social, economic and ecological situation in Ukraine confirms that the country has failed to change significantly the extensive type of economic development and to ensure successful transition to sustainable development. The public health crisis, extremely high material and energy consumption per unit of gross domestic product, waste generation and environmental health indicators, e.g., air, water and land pollution have very risky and systematically stable interrelated trends. 

AnhangGröße
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